v. t.
1) to draw tight; make taut:
to strain a rope[/ex]
2) to exert to the utmost:
to strain one's reach[/ex]
3) to injure (a muscle, tendon, etc.) by stretching or overexertion
4) to cause mechanical deformation in by stress
5) to stretch beyond the proper limit:
to strain the meaning of a word[/ex]
6) to make excessive demands upon:
to strain one's resources[/ex]
7) to cause to pass through a strainer
8) to draw off by means of a strainer:
to strain the water from spinach[/ex]
9) to pull forcibly:
a dog straining at a leash[/ex]
10) to make strenuous efforts; exert oneself
11) to resist forcefully; balk
12) to undergo strain
13) to filter, percolate, or ooze
14) any force or pressure tending to alter shape, cause a fracture, etc
15) strong muscular or physical effort
16) great effort in pursuit of a goal
17) an injury to a muscle, tendon, etc., due to excessive tension or use; sprain
18) mec phs deformation of a solid body or structure in response to application of a force
19) condition of being strained or stretched
20) severe or fatiguing pressure:
the strain of hard work[/ex]
Etymology: 1250–1300; ME streinen (v.) < OF estrein-, s. of estreindre to press tightly, grip < L stringere to bind, tie II
[[t]streɪn[/t]] n.
1) gen the body of descendants of a common ancestor, as a family or stock
2) gen any of the different lines of ancestry united in a family or an individual
3) gen agr. ahb. bot an artificial variety of a species of domestic animal or cultivated plant
4) mcr a variety, esp. of microorganisms
5) gen ancestry or descent
6) med hereditary or natural character, tendency, or trait:
a strain of insanity in a family[/ex]
7) a streak or trace
8) a kind or sort
Etymology: bef. 950; ME strene, OE gestrēon presumably, begetting, generation, c. OOHGgistriuni III
[[t]streɪn[/t]] n.
1) a flow or burst of language, eloquence, etc.:
the lofty strain of Cicero[/ex]
2) mad a melody; tune
3) pro a passage or piece of poetry
4) lit. a pervading style; spirit:
a humorous strain[/ex]
Etymology: 1555–65; cf. obs. strainto play (an instrument), use (one's voice) in singing

From formal English to slang. 2014.

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